The Psalms of David

There are fourteen psalms that were written by David to commemorate some event in his life. These are:

Psalm 59

King Saul, in his jealousy, sent messengers to David’s house to kill him, but he was able to escape before the men could enter. David’s wife Michal (Saul’s daughter) was able to deceive the men while David made his way to safety. [1 Samuel 19].

Psalm 56

This psalm was written by David when he went to live in Gath (in Philistine territory). He pretended to be mad so that he might be allowed into the city. David did this because he was afraid and thought that he would be safe amongst the Philistines. His act must have been believable since Achish would not let such a madman live in his city. [1 Samuel 21:10-15]. The psalm expresses both his fear of man and his faith in God.

Psalm 34

This was written for the same occasion as mentioned above [1 Samuel 21:10-15]. David praises God for His goodness despite the fact that he has been made to flee his wife and home. His faith told him that God would deliver him from all his enemies.

Psalm 142

After being cast out by Achish, David fled to a cave in Adullam [1 Samuel 22:1-3]. He is overwhelmed because of the desperate situation he was in. He was obviously lonely, but he found refuge in the Lord. He felt that this cave was a prison to him.

Psalm 63

David fled from Saul into the Judean wilderness [1 Samuel 22:5]. In the psalm he sees himself in a spiritual wilderness thirsting for God’s presence and a place of refuge.

Psalm 52

David heard how Saul had sent Doeg the Edomite to Ahimelech’s house and slew eighty-five priests, including their wives, children, and animals. David was heartbroken over such wickedness. [1 Samuel 22:9-19].

Psalm 54

The Ziphites went to Saul and told him that David was hiding amongst them. They told him exactly where they could locate David [1 Samuel 23:19-29], but God delivered him out of the king’s hands.

Psalm 57

Saul went after David again when he heard that he was hiding in the wilderness of Engedi. Saul entered a cave to relieve himself, the very cave where David and his men were hiding. David managed to get close enough to Saul to cut off a piece of his cloak. David revealed to the king that he would have killed him if he had wanted to. David proved that he was more merciful that Saul. [1 Samuel 24:1-22].

Psalm 7

Cush the Benjaminite had been feeding Saul with lies about David. He told Saul that David had been seeking to kill him all along. [1 Samuel 24:9-12]. In this psalm David reveals that he freed him that was his enemy rather than seeking to destroy him. He prays that the mischief of Cush return upon his own head.

Psalm 60

This was written to commemorate David’s victory over the Philistines, Moabites, and the Syrians [2 Samuel 8; 1 Kings 11]. David praises God for the great victory.

Psalm 51

This is probably one of the best known of David’s songs and there is little difficulty in placing it within the context of his life. In 2 Samuel 12 we read of David’s sin of adultery with Bathsheba the wife of Uriah the Hittite. Not only did he commit adultery, but he also arranged the murder of Uriah. It was only when the prophet Nathan rebuked him that David repented of his wickedness. This psalm expresses his deep sorrow over his sin. Psalm 32 may be part of this repentance also.

Psalm 3

Absalom, David’s son, sought to take the kingdom from him. He was very successful in persuading the people that he would make a better king than his father. Because of his son’s success he was forced to flee Jerusalem [2 Samuel 15]. This psalm is David’s lament over this situation.

Psalm 30

Written to commemorate the plans for the building of the Temple in Jerusalem and dedication of the site [1 Chronicles 22]. He is both thankful to God for freeing him from all his enemies, the forgiveness of sin of numbering his people, and the privilege of laying plans for a house for the Lord.

List of Psalms written by David

There are seventy-three psalm written by David. These are:-

3 Confidence facing the enemy

4 Thoughts in the night

5 A morning prayer

6 Prayer for mercy during trouble

7 The prayer of a wronged man

8 God’s glory and man’s honour

9 Praise for deliverance

11 God our refuge

12 Good thoughts for bad times

13 The deserted soul

14 The future of the fool

15 The happiness of the holy

16 Joy in God’s presence

17 Deliverance from the wicked

18 Calling upon God in distress

19 The works and word of God

20 A prayer for the king

21 Splendour and success of the king

22 Psalm of the Cross / Hind of the morning

23 The Shepherd Psalm

24 Song to the King of Glory

25 Prayer for guidance and protection

26 The basis of judgement

27 David’s song of confidence

28 A prayer for help

29 Song of the thunderstorm

30 Dedication of the temple site

31 My times are in Thy hands

32 A prayer during distress

34 A psalm of praise and trust

35 A plea for judgement

36 Wickedness confronts God’s love

37 Blessings to the righteous

38 The burden of suffering

39 In time of trouble

40 Delight in the will of God

41 Psalm of the compassionate

51 The Penitent’s Psalm

52 The fate of the wicked

53 The fate of the fool

54 A prayer for deliverance

55 The Lord will sustain

56 A song for the distressed

57 The mercy and truth of God

58 The punishment of the wicked

59 Triumph over enemies

60 Prayer for national deliverance

61 The prayer of a troubled heart

62 Confidence in God

63 The thirsty soul

64 Appeal for help against enemies

65 God’s provisions for the earth

66 God’s power and works

68 The God of Israel

69 The prayer for deliverance

70 Deliverance from persecutors

86 Prayer for deliverance

101 A perfect heart

103 The benefits of the Lord

108 A song of confidence in God

109 A cry to God for help

110 The king as priest and victor

122 The peace of Jerusalem

124 God’s deliverance

131 A song of the humble

138 The Lord is Faithful

139 The prayer of a believing heart

140 For protection against enemies

141 Conduct amidst trials

142 The Prisoner’s prayer

143 The prayer of the soul in distress

144 The warrior’s psalm

145 The goodness of the Lord


September 05, 2021 - by Rev. Dr. Brian A. Cash, Pastor EMZBC

Luke 12:27-31 NIV

27 “Consider how the wild flowers grow. They do not labor or spin. Yet I tell you, not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. 28 If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today, and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, how much more will he clothe you—you of little faith! 29 And do not set your heart on what you will eat or drink; do not worry about it. 30 For the pagan world runs after all such things, and your Father knows that you need them. 31 But seek his kingdom, and these things will be given to you as well.